Last updated: 30 August 2023
Next review: 30 August 2024
About households and family members
What is a household?
One household is made up of family members, a couple, two unrelated people sharing the same home or a single person.
Unrelated adults who are not a couple or part of a family are separate households.
A house in multiple occupation (HMO) is a property lived in by people from different households. For example:
- a family and a friend renting together
- more than two students sharing a house
- more than two professional friends sharing a flat
- multiple casual workers each renting a separate room in a house
These households all share amenities like kitchens and bathrooms.
Who is a family member?
A person is a member of another person’s family if:
- he or she lives with that person as a couple
- one of them is related to the other
- or is related to one member of the couple.
- couple means two people who are married or in a civil partnership, or live together as partners
- relative means a parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece or first cousin
- siblings are treated the same whether they are half or whole brothers / sisters
- stepchildren are treated the same as birth children.